Macroeconomics
On this website, Deutsche Bank Research offers you analyses of the German and the global economy as well as developments in national and international financial markets. We provide macroeconomic and financial market forecasts and conduct research on structural and long-term issues.
Germany Monitor
Germany’s fiscal situation: Full employment and zero interest rates result in budget surpluses – but demographic development might become a problem!
In an international comparison, Germany’s fiscal situation is very good – thanks to robust GDP growth and zero interest rates. In the short to medium term, dynamic revenue growth should help to ensure that Germany’s fiscal situation remains comfortable, even though expenses look set to rise strongly as well. Public finances are currently benefiting from buoyant growth, low interest rates and a “demographic respite”. Rising interest rates and the ageing society look set to put the public finances under considerable pressure from the middle of the coming decade. However, the long-term fiscal risks do not appear to play a major role in the current election campaign. [more]
Focus Germany
Focus Germany: Overheating risks are looming
The German economy is likely to have maintained its rapid growth rate in the second quarter. Consumer spending, in particular, has been stronger than expected thanks to the recent fall in oil prices and the continuing significant rise in employment levels. We have revised our GDP forecast for the whole year upwards to 1.6% (1.3%) which is equivalent to a calendar-adjusted rate of 2%. With an expected increase of 1.7% in 2018, German GDP is again likely to exceed the trend growth rate of around 1.25% – for the fifth successive year – and the positive output gap should widen to over two percentage points. The tight labour market could lead to increases in pay settlements of more than 3% during the round of collective pay bargaining (public sector, construction and metals) set to take place in early 2018, especially as these deals that are due to expire were originally negotiated some time ago, which signals some catch-up potential. Against the backdrop of additional fiscal stimuli after the Bundestag election, and monetary policy remaining extremely relaxed, the risk of overheating, at least in parts of the German economy, is increasing. However, the rate of (consumer price) inflation over the coming two years should remain below 2%, especially as we are not anticipating a depreciation of the euro against the US dollar. (Further topics: German house prices; The View from Berlin)  [more]
World Outlook
World Outlook 2016 : Managing with less liquidity
The long-awaited turn toward the normalization of US monetary policy should finally get under way next week, with the Fed set to raise rates for the first time since 2006. In the year ahead, we could also see signals that the monetary spigots in Europe will begin to close as well. While such indications are probably more than a year away in Japan, we do not expect the BoJ to add to its asset purchases. In a world that has been awash with central bank liquidity for most of the past decade, the central question for the year ahead is how the global economy and financial markets will react as the tap on that liquidity begins to tighten. [more]
EU Monitor
Rising income inequality: do not draw the obvious conclusions
Inequality is dominating the political debate in various countries still characterised by sluggish economic recovery and high unemployment even several years after the financial crisis. In this note we look at trends, drivers and solutions. Four points stand out from the trends. First, global income inequality has increased over the last three decades. Second, the integration of the EM into the global economy has allowed aggregate income levels to converge towards AE levels, lifting millions out of poverty. Third, the AE have been better able to control income inequality via redistribution. Fourth, aggregates can be deceptive. Rising income inequality is associated with globalisation, technological change and migration. At the same time they have had an undeniably positive impact on aggregate income. The policy dilemma is in resolving the tension between the increase in income and its unfair distribution.  [more]
Global forecast map
Forecast overview
...Forecast tables
 
GDP (% yoy)
2015 2016F 2017F
United States 2.6 1.6 2.4
Japan 1.1 1.0 1.2
Euroland 1.9 1.7 1.9
Germany 1.7 1.9 1.6
France 1.0 1.1 1.4
Italy 0.8 0.9 1.0
United Kingdom 2.2 1.8 1.6
Australia 2.4 2.5 2.4
Russia -2.8 -0.4 1.6
China 6.9 6.7 6.7
Canada 0.9 1.5 2.7
India 7.5 7.9 7.0
Brazil -3.8 -3.6 0.7
 
dbStandpunkt
Beacon of stability: The foundations of Germany’s success
Germany remains an anchor of steadiness with an undisputed role as leader in Europe and is the only country that comes close to being on a par with America. This story of success is based on many structural factors, some of which complement and mutually reinforce each other. We group them as follows: (1) Macropolicies focused on stability and growth (2) Institutions grounded in German ‘ordoliberalism’ (3) Global companies with unique structures (4) An equitable system of social security and cooperative social partners (5) A long-term perspective by companies and citizens with the willingness to forgo immediate reward – in our view the most important factor in the success. The combination of innovative, multinational companies, functioning institutions and highly skilled workers will, in our view, maintain Germany’s competitiveness and prosperity into the future. German politicians are therefore confronted with the increasing challenge of holding the eurozone together. However, if anti-euro movements gain the upper hand in key partner countries, thereby increasing the disruptive risks, there may be a reassessment in Germany of the euro’s costs and benefits. [more]
 
 
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